There is a whole different story in higher education institutions. Most of the retirees have a doctorate and the academic title of professor or at least associate professor. To get rid of such personnel means to say goodbye to the master's degree in the specialty and to have problems with accreditation. Who of the heads of the departments would do that? Therefore, young professionals, who, by the way, are not numerous in universities, are the first to be fired or have their salaries reduced.
Just 10 years ago, working at a university was considered prestigious, and obtaining a PhD gave at least some hope for employment stability and bonuses for the degree/title. Today, however, the position of a teacher with a PhD does not attract young people, as it is unlikely that 6,000 UAH will be enough to live on, publish scientific articles, attend conferences, and participate in internships (preferably abroad). That's why the next admission campaign for post-graduate study turns into a hunt for aspirants. But that's another story...
Thus, the staff shortage is intensifying, and it is likely that in the near future, national HEIs will not be able to compete with headhunting firms in the business and IT sectors.
So, the call to fire pensioners looks short-sighted, to say the least. It is impossible to improve the standard of living of one part of society at the expense of the other. In addition, there is no guarantee that the funds accumulated by dismissing teachers of retirement age will automatically be used to significantly increase salaries for young professionals. Educators still remember fairytales about salaries of 4 thousand US dollars.
At the same time, in anticipation of September 1, the Cabinet of Ministers is raising the minimum wage to 5000 UAH, which means that teachers will receive their allowances. Apparently, the beginning of the "new political season" is forcing the authorities to take such steps.